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Everything posted by lars86

  1. I'm curious if there are any plans to implement arc filtering in Cura?
  2. Hey Daid, I'd be happy to help test the new version!
  3. Okay, thanks Owen. I haven't played with Netfabb much at all yet, because I haven't had the time to figure it out yet. I like that it is more customizable in print settings than Cura, but it is not very intuitive, and the lack of tool tips make it a pain to get going quickly. Do any of our Ultimaker gurus here have some print profile settings they could start me out with? It seems to be overextruding for me as well. Very visible on the first couple layers of perimiter passes, where you can observe a bunch of overlap.
  4. Does that mean that this does not apply? http://wiki.netfabb.com/Calibration_of_Engine_for_RepRap
  5. My issue with lower temps is a lack of fusion. I see distinct unfused beads in perimeter and infill even at 220
  6. I notice a big difference in stringing in slow vs faster rapids. It makes perfect conceptual sense too: the faster you pull on that dwindling filament strand, the more likely it is to shear away. If you pull it slowly, you will get plastic deformationas you stretch it out.
  7. I am finding that even with very low fan, or no fan, my temps need to be in the 225-235 range. Anything less and I see a lack of proper fusion and/or underextrusion.
  8. I am definitely noticing that disconnect between extruder drive movement and physical extrusion. It's definitely making me want to suspend the extruder drive above the machine, cut the bowden tube length in half, and have a much more direct, lower friction, filament path.
  9. If it was just an issue of ooze, I don't understand why it could be cutting back and forth, laying down infill in a 20mm wide area perfectly. Then when that width shrinks to say 5mm, massive overextrusion. On the next print that I notice the weird stringing issue, I'll record it. It's not a huge deal, but since those rapids occur mainly in the same XY position, I'll get a series of warts on that wall.
  10. A couple things that I've noticed so far in printing: [*]In areas with very quick reversals (<5mm or so) the machine overextrudes. This is made even worse with lower acceleration values. I could be wrong, but it seems like it doesn't take XY acceleration into account when deciding extrusion speed, so for fast XY speeds wiht low XY acceleration, it's pretty bad. [*]The feed rate override on the main display modifies both extrusion feed rate, as well as rapid movements. I can't imagine why you would want these two tied together. Having the main override control only extrusion moves would be much more useful. This would let you tune printing speeds for quality, while maintaining fast rapids for shorter print time and less stringing. [*]Most of my stringing happens on the appproach, rather than the departure. I am not using the "extra length on start" feature in Cura. Is there some sort of lookahead that preemtively starts extrusion? Thanks, I'm having a blast with this thing so far! Lars
  11. Markus, this is really cool! I just got my UM a few days ago, and the pulley runout has been bothering the hell out of me! Please keep us updated, and I would definitely be interested in purchasing a set. Thanks, Lars
  12. Sanjay, did you get a chance to read my last response? -Lars
  13. That's exactly why I am doing more drastic design changes to my new hot end. I want my printer to be as robust as possible. Whether the job calls for slow, fast, thin, thick; I want the results to be as consistant as possible.
  14. Sanjay: Thanks for the feedback! Yeah, the threaded size has competing properties. Larger threads have more surface area, which enhances conduction from the tip/heater block, but that heat must now travel a longer distance through the insulative SS to reach the up tube. I'll play with both configs and see which wins. I also tried bumping the 1mm section length to 3mm and did not see an appreciable difference. I did a few hand calcs to compare the brass vs aluminum nozzle. Aluminum actually has a much better heat capacity (mass based) than brass. If you pretend to be volumetrically limited (which we really aren't) and factor in density, I find that brass has ~26% higher volume based heat capacity. But aluminum is at least 63% more thermally conductive. I think that aluminum wins in this regard, especially considering that you can bump the aluminum nozzle size up 26% to achieve the same energy density, along with much better conductivity. I am playing with a design that has a 1" diameter nozzle with the heater built in. Even with a simulated layer of insulation on all exposed nozzle surfaces, I am seeing temps ~5*C higher on one side of the melt zone than the other in transient simulations. The single heater cartridge is inherantly prone to this. My original idea was to have a flexible heater element that would do at least one wrap around the perimeter for even heating. I really think that even twin smallers heaters, 180* opposed would be enough. Sourcing electrical components that can be driven with the existing power supply circuit, and will provide similar heat output, is out of my realm of expertise. I'm a mechanical design guy! Can someone recommend a twin heating element solution that would be a plug and play replacement for the Ultimaker cartridge? I guess roughly half the wattage and twice the resistence , wired in parallel? Lars
  15. Sanjay: Good to know that 0.4mm is plenty strong... obviously, the thinner, the better for this piece! I'm glad my simulated conductive transfer is in the ballpark too. The stock UM hot end uses a brass up tube which my simulations show to conduct a vast amount more heat. I put a few images up in a gallery from my tests. The first compares a brass nozzle and uptube, to a stainless steel up tube, and finally stainless tube with heat sink. The next compares the original 3 fin heat sink I modelled to the heat sink I made yesterday. All tests were run with 50 W/m2K convection on exterior surfaces, 40W heater power added to the cartridge bore, and 4W lost to the filament in the melt zone. For the time being, most parts will be made on the manual lathe. I made a custom 1mm slotting tool yesterday and created a heat sink with it. The up tube will start as a stainless steel 8x1.25 bolt, and I'll machine it to my design shape.
  16. Great info Sanjay! Wow, 0.4mm is THIN! My 1mm thick section is 2mm long. In that zone I plan on using a stainless steel washer, backed on both sides by isulative ceramic tape. The tape should keep it relatively isolated from conductive and convective heating and the SS washer should act to reflect some radiation too. According to SW, the power conducted up my stainless tube is ~7W, I'm not sure if that is correct, or if I need to make some reference geometry to get a better number. What are you seeing conducted up your mini,mini tube? Interesting point on the heat capacity. Have you been able to demonstrate that issue with an aluminum nozzle? I ask because I did some hand calcs for how much power is consumed to melt a mass/volumetric flow of filament and found a very low number. I used a feed rate of 2.5mm/s of 3mm ABS (which I have since been told is about double a normal extrusion rate), and came up with 5.3W consumed to bring it from 25*C to 220*C. That seems a modest amount of power, so I'd expect the fluctuations to be even smaller. Having access to very fast thermal conduction from aluminum and a powerful heater would seem to negate any issue with nozzle temps dipping. Thoughts? I'm with you on the nozzle geometry too. It would seem like making a customized tool that cuts a transition profile from 3.2mm to 0.4 could be a big help. Having the 0.4mm entry comprise a steep angle (118*), with a sharp edge is certainly not helping produce laminar flow. If you could move from a very shallow angle, through a radius, and in... that would be awesome. Tiny fuggin tool though! I just got a couple 0.4mm bits in the mail and couldn't tell two were stuck together at first! hahaha. Lars
  17. Having the print head plate serve as your "heat sink", is a bad idea in my eyes. This means that any heat that you intend for it to dissapate, has to be conducted up the entire tube, which leads to a very large zone which is well above the glass transition temp of the filament. I think the idea of minimizing this zone, in the pursuit of having cool, rigid filament right up to the melt zone, has a lot of merit.
  18. Just getting started in Cura, and I'm curious what the significance of the per layer colors are. When it shows a solid color (no beads) does that just indicate solid fill? Why different solid color triangles within a given layer? Thanks!
  19. Have you guys experimented at all with nozzle geometry's effect on print quality? Length of the 0.4mm orifice, and the transition angle just prior, for example.
  20. Hey Sanjay, that's a beautiful part you guys have there! I've been spending some time fiddling in Solidworks, designing my own hot end and have ended up somewhere similar to you guys. My stainless thermal break necks down to a 1mm wall thickness right now, and the loading sim tells me it will be strong enough. I'm curious how thin you have gone. My thermal simulations are showing a very sharp transition zone in mine too, even without active cooling (certainly more so with it). I'm also curious why you have chosen brass over aluminum for the nozzle. I haven't even gotten my Ultimaker kit yet, so you'll have to get mounting insight from the experienced guys! Cheers, Lars
  21. Great thead guys! Has any more development been done? I started a thread on the Google group for my hot end redesign project, if you want to take a peek: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!topic/ultimaker/JJuCfGdg6M0 -Lars
  22. Bump: Hey guys, I'm new to the 3d printing scene, and am hoping my Ultimaker kit ships in about a week, so I can get started! I'm a mechanical engineer and avid designer, so not having the printer hasn't held me back much from thinking about ideas for upgrades (for better or worse, hahaha) Today, I spent some time looking at hot-end designs and thinking about possible improvements. Some of which may be off-base, since I don't have anything in my hands yet. It seems that key points would be to have a very well controlled and uniform temperature hot zone, which transitions as quickly as possible to the cold zone. The current hot end with a single power resistor, thermistor close by and no insulation, seems like it would lead to inconsistent filament heating when fan speed / ducting, print head speed, extrusion speed, or ambient air temp changes. What if the aluminum heater block was cylindrical instead, with a u-groove cut in a helix around the outer surface. Then a flexible heating cord like this: http://www.omega.com/ppt/pptsc.asp?ref=HTC&ttID=HTC&Nav= was wrapped in the groove. You could then wrap an insulative sleeve on top of that, and have a very evenly heated hot-end with less heat loss (radiant and forced convection from the cooling fan). For the transition to the cold zone: The heater block threads onto the nozzle (like normal), moving upwards you have a short thin walled section (of nozzle) to reduce conductive transfer, then back to OD threads to which you would attach a small heat sink similar to this: http://media.digikey.com/Photos/Tyco%20Photos/4-1542005-0.jpg . You could then redesign the fan duct to create a small airstream aimed at this cold zone heat sink. It makes sense to also use an insulative washer between the heater block and heat sink. I'm just throwing stuff out there... hopefully it turns into a great discussion with contributions from the very experienced on here, and eventually some upgraded parts! -Lars
  23. This is a pretty cool idea, and hopefully not too difficult to implement. You could set 2 different layer thicknesses, one for "steep" regions (thicker), and one for "shallow" regions. Then, allow the user to set the limiting angle. Once layers associated with shallow angles (as measured from the XY plane), the software could switch to that thinner layer height (at least for the perimeter passes). This would make for really efficient printing, where you would blast through more vertical areas with thick layers, and crank the resolution up where it counts.
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