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Almost always missing layers / underextruding

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Guys, as soon as I have tightened the metal ring that sits beneath the teflon piece (at the bottom of the head), I have 0 play with the bowden tube. The metal ring has holes that one can use to insert something in there and turn it to the right. I didn't over tighten it, just went so far as it got and didn't force it. I have yet to print something - I'll post as soon as it is done.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Well, the movement of the bowden tube is a drammatical issue with um2. Can we print a red clip higher so the gray holder pressure is more firm?

 

I don't really like the whole system in general, seems prone to failure. Anyone tried the Bowden clamp mod above?

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Ok status update. Tightening down the metal ring moved the nozzle up but changed nothing. Still underextruding occasionally. However this time I caught it on camera!

The model looks like this:

Underextrusion after nozzle tightening 2

Underextrusion after nozzle tightening 1

For the videos, make sure to watch it in HD

Look to the right:

 

Look to the left (a bit fuzzy, sorry):

 

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Nicolinux,

Remember I posted here earlier that I had more than one issue causing my under extrusion. The main reason that I believe was the teflon fitting(pics are in an earlier post). It was deformed noticeably where it sits into the milled fitting. I had to use a 3mm drill bit to carefully open up a 2.5mm hole where it was deformed, to a 3mm hole, like it is supposed to be. That was the main cause of my clogs during retractions, which also caused my under extrusion. I started really seeing a difference in my prints once the milled fitting was adjusted along with that. Or maybe I'm just getting lucky again for the next few prints.

5 Hours

 

8 Hours

 

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

The thing is - I have never experienced a clog. Neither on the UM1 (which I already sold) nor on the UM2. And this partial underextrusion for just a layer can't be due to a clog right? At least I hope so.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Are you using the stock spool holder that mounts on the back of the UM2?

You might want to try out another holder that is free of tension/friction. I recently made one, or there are plenty of other designs. My filament was getting caught on the black netting just before feeding into the extruder.

https://www.youmagine.com/designs/spool-adapter-multi-step

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I tried both. The stock sppol holder (just now) and the spool on a lazy susan. No difference. Still occasionally underextrusion. I printed the same model with the same settings and filament.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I'm trying to run through everything I experienced over the past month to help you.

Are your under extrusion lines always in the same general location on the Z axis or are they at random?

Also, from the video you showed above, your nozzle looks like its sitting much higher than mine in reference to the fan bracket at the bottom. What is the gap between the teflon fitting and the milled fitting? The gap looks like it could be 2mm or more from the pic.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Nicolinux, It might be worth taking out your teflon piece, if you haven't, and make sure that it's clear all the way through, and a consistent 3mm diameter. Chrisp's piece had a noticeable lip that wold have made it fit tighter on the filament - that might grab the filament momentarily - esp during retractions, causing brief under-extrusions until the filament frees up and slides forward again?

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Are your under extrusion lines always in the same general location on the Z axis or are they at random?

 

They are in random locations.

 

Also, from the video you showed above, your nozzle looks like its sitting much higher than mine in reference to the fan bracket at the bottom. What is the gap between the teflon fitting and the milled fitting?

 

I turned the metal ring beneath the teflon ring as far as it went. That was just a test to see if it would change anything. Right now the gap is 2.1mm. Before that it was 1.2mm I think.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Nicolinux, It might be worth taking out your teflon piece, if you haven't, and make sure that it's clear all the way through, and a consistent 3mm diameter. Chrisp's piece had a noticeable lip that wold have made it fit tighter on the filament - that might grab the filament momentarily - esp during retractions, causing brief under-extrusions until the filament frees up and slides forward again?

 

I hoped to get away without taking the head apart. But oh well :)

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Just take pics before and mark everything. I've had the hot-end apart about 6-7 times now. The smallest adjustment means the world.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I will also say that while lately I've gotten some stunning prints without any signs of this brief under-extrusion... I have seen it happen before. One of my early attempts at the 'leaf lamp' print (the artichoke looking thing with lots of sharp-edged leaves) basically fell apart when it was done because of all of the under-extruded lines. I think, however, that many (all, I don't know) of the under-extrusion lines I had like this were due to extruder skipping steps - I was getting a noticeable click.

I don't remember what was different about that print, other than it was faster. I think I used different filament from the Faberdashery that I finally used, but I'd used that same filament for other flawless prints later. So I don't think the filament was a major factor by itself.

But all of my good results have come with 0.1mm layers, and speeds below 50mm/s. Which is not to say that I couldn't go faster/thicker... merely that the results that I know were good were in that relatively slow volumetric range (2mm³/s) - and my very best prints were at 30 or 35mm/s (1.4mm³/s).

Looking at Nicolinux's videos, it looks like all the under-extrusions are after retractions; so I wonder if it's just that fast retractions are sometimes skipping steps on the de-retract phase, so the head isn't fully primed. That could be because of extra tension in the teflon, as discussed above. Or for some other reason.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I guess the point was really... is it an issue of detractions being more likely to under-perform when printing at higher speeds, so the filament is being advance quickly into a higher pressure environment?

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Or even... can the retraction overshoot, and be more than intended, so it isn't fully recovered.... because there's so much pressure already on the filament pushing it back out? Something similar to what I saw with the UM1 extruder, where the filament could slip back past the knurled bolt at high speeds/pressures.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Well that's weird. I don't have time right now to take the head apart so I just changed filament and printed again (same settings, nothing touched):

uex3

There is still underextrusion, albeit hardly visible. Printed before with Ultimaker PLA (grey metal I think) and now with Ultimaker PLA gold.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding
Well that's weird. I don't have time right now to take the head apart so I just changed filament and printed again (same settings, nothing touched):

 

There is still underextrusion, albeit hardly visible. Printed before with Ultimaker PLA (grey metal I think) and now with Ultimaker PLA gold.

 

Judging from the crud on the side of the print, it looks like it was printed without retractions?

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Nothing changed, retraction was on. Here are the complete print settings:

 

  • layer height: 0.2
  • shells: 0.8
  • retraction: on
  • bottom/top: 1.2
  • fill: 20
  • speed: 40
  • temperature: 230
  • bed temp: 65
  • support type: touching buildplate (15%)

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Well then it looks like that filament is oozing a lot more than I've seen any other filament on my UM2. What are your in-printer retraction speed settings? And what speed travel?

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I've been wondering why everyone keeps their build plate heated to such high temperatures?

I set mine to 55 degrees celcuis and it sticks perfect.

If I set it any higher than 55 degrees celcius, then I get warping at the bottom. Not really warping, but it melts to the plate causing minor deformities.

Maybe it's the temperature difference between where we live?

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Well then it looks like that filament is oozing a lot more than I've seen any other filament on my UM2. What are your in-printer retraction speed settings? And what speed travel?

 

I took your settings and made sure to check them before _every_ print. 5.5mm at 35mm/s

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I've been wondering why everyone keeps their build plate heated to such high temperatures?

I set mine to 55 degrees celcuis and it sticks perfect.

If I set it any higher than 55 degrees celcius, then I get warping at the bottom. Not really warping, but it melts to the plate causing minor deformities.

Maybe it's the temperature difference between where we live?

 

It could be. It is winter here in Germany. I noticed that if I want to have something stick like hell, I'd use the gluestick, smudge it around with a bit of water and then set the heated bed to 75°.

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

I've had this exact kind of blockage, a number of times, also having to cut the end off the material.

I've not gone so far as to remove the teflon coupler, I was worried about not getting it all back together.

 

 

 

Ok here we go......

This clog was the worst by far. I started out by trying the change filament option via the controller. Nothing but grinding away the filament is what happened. I tried heating up the hot-end to 250 degrees Celsius and then tried removing the filament via the control panel and with a slight pressure of me pulling the filament with no success. I also tried move material but the filament was already grinded away inside the extruder. So what else is left? Taking apart the hot-end to see what is going on.

I usually start by taking out the 4 side fan screws and I tie up the fans and brackets to the axis rod so I get them out of the way and prevent the wire shielding to get heated up by the heating element.

 

Then I made sure to mark with a pen, the distance the Bowden tube is sitting inside the Teflon fitting. You can see the line marked with 3 dots which is not exactly against the Teflon, but close enough for reference.

 

I then loosened all 4 screws out of the aluminum bracket holding the nozzle in place and every other time so far the Bowden tube has come out without a fight. This time was different. I had to heat up the hot-end starting at 190 and gradually moving up to 250 degrees celcius until I could finally loosen the Bowden tube up enough to pull it out.

This is how the filament looked once I got it out.

 

Then I cut off the filament so I could get the Teflon fitting to go back on the Bowden tube to make sure it is sitting all the way down.

 

It's perfect no issues here.

Next I took the Teflon fitting and observed it very closely only to find that there's a lip inside the end that is seated into the metal hot-end nozzle adapter. I took my digital caliper and measure 3mm in diameter for the opening at the top of the Teflon fitting and 2.5mm for the diameter at the bottom of the Teflon fitting.

 

 

 

 

This I noticed once before but didn't think to measure it, but there is definitely some orange plastic stuck inside where the lip is and extremely hard to remove. I would like to razor knife the lip or drill it very carefully, but I need confirmation before doing so if it's not normal.

I then cleaned out the nozzle and saw light through it, which is hard to see in the pic.

 

 

 

Everything else looks great and I can't find anything wrong here besides the Teflon fitting.

 

 

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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

Another update since I still haven't got the time and motivation to disassemble the head.

I printed the exact same object with the same settings twice. Only switched between Gcode and UltiGcode.

gcode vs ultigcode

The difference is striking. No underextrusion with normal Gcode. So here is another theory. It is not a software problem only but maybe a combination between UltiGcode and the firmware that leads to underextrusion (maybe a problem with the extruder controll).

@braddock and Chrisp: Did you guys solve the problem? If not it might be an easy test to switch to regular gcode and print a test object.

Here are my settings and the link to the model (link)

Regular Gcode:

 


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u6XZ6BVcTRhjPTjb9IZba3CzoRfj+GELn90fehi5dX/W2yeTbsM9ivYPz9WJkg==

UltiGcode

 


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Posted · Almost always missing layers / underextruding

@braddock and Chrisp: Did you guys solve the problem? If not it might be an easy test to switch to regular gcode and print a test object.

I have been smooth sailing for the past couple of days, trying to finish up the Tantillus 3D Printer build that I'm currently working on. So far, so good on my end, but that is still to be determined. I am probably going to go back and try my Nemesis tonight(Orange).

That's odd that the code designed specifically for the UM isn't working as intended. Are you sure you didn't accidentally purge a minor clog from the hot-end?

 

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