Jump to content
Ultimaker Community of 3D Printing Experts
Sign in to follow this  
printedsolid

TGA of Filament

Recommended Posts

Hello, I've posted this over at the makerbot forum and am reposting here. I have access to a TGA (thermogravimetric analyzer) at work. I'd like to start evaluating filament to analytically determine absorbed moisture content and recommended bake out/storage conditions.

I ran some Taulman 618 today that someone said they were having trouble with. After about two hours at 93C/200F, it had lost about 1.5-2% of its mass due to moisture being baked out. It still hadn't entirely stabilized, but the rate of loss of mass had slowed considerably.

Honestly, I'm not entirely sure where this is going, but it never hurts to learn a little more about your materials.

Does anyone have any filament that you suspect is causing you trouble due to moisture content? I'd be interested in testing it for you. I only need about 10mm of length to get the test. I'm curious how different materials, brands, and colors will compare.

PM me if interested or email to mgorton at printedsolid dot com and I'll send you my address.

 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Polyamides absorbes a consideral amount of water, depending on the type, because of the hydrogen bonds of the molecules. For PA 6.6, 2.5-3% are usual. Polyamide parts coming out of a injection molding machine are rather brittle. Often a water container is placed below the machine. After some hours of waters the parts are as flexible as PA usually appears.

Heated and dried PA filament will therefore again absorb water from the environment and end up as heavy as before. However the heat treatment may reduce bubbles and vapor coming out of the nozzle during printing, best is to dry the filament just before usage.

 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Jep, this is also what I think is what happening with ABS.

I bought one role of whit ABS and the first few prints where really beatiful, but after a few days things went bad. The surface of the prints got small -almost unvisible- imperfections and when I tried extruding in the air the string that came out had bends in it and also one small bubble.

I really think that moisture in our filaments is causing us trouble. You can observe that this experience is made alot since there are many entries on groups and forums that start with " I bought a printer and the first few days/week it was really nice but now my prints don't look as well as before. What can I do?"

How about a "dry chamber"? A box with silica-gel where one could store the filament without letting it absorb moisture.

Fabian

1st Edit:

Found this enlightening video on the use of silica-gel in a dry chamber:

 

2nd Edit:

And a promising, low cost approach that also solves the dust buildup problem:

http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:62826/#comments

 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now
Sign in to follow this  

  • Our picks

    • Architect Design Contest | People
      The goal of this contest is to design a set of people figurines that could be used in such a project to make an area, office or mall seem populated. 
      Think of different types of people in different environments, like walking people, people standing still, working people, and both men and women.
       
      • 31 replies
    • Taking Advantage of DfAM
      This is a statement that’s often made about AM/3DP. I'll focus on the way DfAM can take advantage of some of the unique capabilities that AM and 3DP have to offer. I personally think that the use of AM/3DP for light-weighting is one of it’s most exciting possibilities and one that could play a key part in the sustainability of design and manufacturing in the future.
        • Like
      • 3 replies
×

Important Information

Welcome to the Ultimaker Community of 3D printing experts. Visit the following links to read more about our Terms of Use or our Privacy Policy. Thank you!