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ABS Warping


scientiffic
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Posted (edited) · ABS Warping

I have a small (1" x 3/4") part that I'm printing in ABS.  You can see from the images below that there are quality issues with the ABS prints (white, on left), which were exported using the Cura "high quality" setting.  The part on the right in grey were printed in PLA several months ago.

5a3312cc619f6_2015-10-2112_19_08.thumb.jpg.4b1bc167173b2287322dcd98dcc32d69.jpg

5a3312ccc8eb6_2015-10-2112_19_21.thumb.jpg.e39d8a9e36433864d497b45339d82ebc.jpg

It looks like the area around the holes are not filled properly, and the material flow is not consistent, as the surface is not smooth.

I'm using default settings for ABS (100% speed, 110C buildplate temp, 250C nozzle temp).

Any advice on how to fix this?

5a3312cc619f6_2015-10-2112_19_08.thumb.jpg.4b1bc167173b2287322dcd98dcc32d69.jpg

5a3312ccc8eb6_2015-10-2112_19_21.thumb.jpg.e39d8a9e36433864d497b45339d82ebc.jpg

Edited by Guest
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    Posted · ABS Warping

    For abs you need to enclose your printer to create a "heatchamber". I use a perspex plate for the front and a curver box to put on the top.

     

    Thanks, I added a cardboard lid to my ultimaker temporarily? 5a3312ccf308c_2015-10-2113_35_10.thumb.jpg.9c11837cda400ea73bd12930951bd906.jpg  Is more heat lost through the top or front?

    5a3312ccf308c_2015-10-2113_35_10.thumb.jpg.9c11837cda400ea73bd12930951bd906.jpg

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    Posted · ABS Warping

    Here is the (poor) quality of the print after adding the "heatchamber" (I also added a piece of acrylic in front of the printer to prevent heat loss through the front opening). 5a3312cf876a1_2015-10-2114_32_50.thumb.jpg.39966a49946c5e1a5c51ae4f84640a16.jpg

    Any other ideas of what I can change?

    5a3312cf876a1_2015-10-2114_32_50.thumb.jpg.39966a49946c5e1a5c51ae4f84640a16.jpg

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    Posted (edited) · ABS Warping

    Your problem it's not warping...

    The heatchamber it's just for interdiffusion or layer bonding and of course warping.

    5a33129ed0453_Pulymer-polymerinterdiffusion.jpg.cf2e8a2fe0166e791f926ab5b971b133.jpg

    The part is very small, no ?

    Try to print two part in the same session layer-by-layer.

    5a33129ed0453_Pulymer-polymerinterdiffusion.jpg.cf2e8a2fe0166e791f926ab5b971b133.jpg

    Edited by Guest
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    Posted (edited) · ABS Warping

    Having printed several hundreds of hours worth of ABS both very small parts and pretty large (longest print was 65 hours), I think your issue is not so much the ambient temperature, since you are printing a smallish part.

    First of all, all the blobbing can be down to too much or too little fan. Weird, I know, but at the moment I print ABS with the fans off. Even really small parts.

    Next, the temperature does not have to be so high. Try printing at 30/mms with the temp at 220C - 230C, layer height 0.1mm.

    Edited by Guest
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