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Variable layer height settings


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Posted (edited) · Variable layer height settings

Just tried out the variable layer height and the settings you can adjust don’t quite make sense for what I think it should do. 

 

For example if if I have print with a non variable layer height of 0.2mm and I want the variable range to be from 0.1 to 0.2, I don’t want bigger layers than I have as the default just smaller ones. How do I do that ?. The release notes say you can set a range of layer heights it will work with but it always seems to increase the layer height. For example you can adjust the offset around the default layer height so if you set the offset to 0.02 with a height of 0.20, you will get layers from 0.18 to 0.22 ?. 

 

Is doesn’t look like I can set a max layer height ?

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    I'm not sure but I think "layer height" is what you are calling (rightly so) the "max layer height".  disclaimer: I haven't played with this feature yet.  But I did look over the code.

     

    [edit - as shown below - layer height is the middle value and then you can set the "variation" which varies equally above and below the "layer height"]

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    Wondering how do I set it so the variable layer height never goes above 0.2 and only below, I need to set my default layer height to 0.18 then the offset to 0.02, the I will get a max of 0.2 and a min of 0.16 ?. It’s not straight forward to understand how to set the layer height ‘range’ ;)

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    I hear you but just play with it in cura and in layer height go to the color window and set the colors to show layer height and you can see instantly the range of resulting layer heights.  So in other words instead of asking us, try asking cura directly and let us know what you learn.  (please let us know).

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    Ok, didn’t realise I could change the colours to see exact layer heights, as it stands you can’t tell exactly what has been set, just a rough estimate based on colour along the transition line all the way to 0.27 (yellow)

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    Ok, yes it appears to work like that. 

     

    If you want to have your variable layers range from 0.16 to 0.2 for example, you have to set your layer height to 0.18 and your ‘adaptive layers max variation’ to 0.02. 

     

    It seems a bit of a strange way of doing it, it essentially offsets your default layer height plus and minus by the adaptive layers max variation value. So by default it will always make the layers greater (and smaller) than your nominal layer height by the same value. So to restrict your true max layer height you need to drop your default layer height to compensate. 

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    The reason for that is that changing layer height affects flow rate, thus line width, extrusion speed/volume, and so on. To limit the amount of change from all the other parameters, we use the profile as the middle of the variation instead of one of the edges. This gives far better print results.

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    Many Thanks for the clarification  I appreciated it wasn’t a simple implementation, just wasn’t sure what to adjust to get the desired persmeters.

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings
    3 minutes ago, ctbeke said:

    The reason for that is that changing layer height affects flow rate, thus line width, extrusion speed/volume, and so on. To limit the amount of change from all the other parameters, we use the profile as the middle of the variation instead of one of the edges. This gives far better print results.

     

     what speeds are set on the variable layers ?, are they varied by some factor based from the profile setting, or is the profile setting used for all layer heights ?

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings

    The most important one is extrusion speed, which affects the amount of material extruded per distance. The amount needs to lower when using a lower layer height (e.g. ~50% when using 100mu instead of 200mu). We we can't change extrusion speed to quickly as that would result in poor print quality due to changing nozzle pressures. That's why the max. difference per step parameter is there (to tweak these changes).

     

    The print speed itself also changes when the engine detects the material volume is lower than a certain amount, but I'm not familiar with all these details of the engine.

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings
    On 2/8/2018 at 3:24 PM, gr5 said:

    I hear you but just play with it in cura and in layer height go to the color window and set the colors to show layer height and you can see instantly the range of resulting layer heights.  So in other words instead of asking us, try asking cura directly and let us know what you learn.  (please let us know).

    I had the same question as the OP and had also assumed wrongly that the layer height in Quality was the max value.... so I was pumping out prints with 0.45 mm layer heights with the end result being rather useless.  But this suggestion with the colored layer heights was the the hidden nugget that gives clarity!  Didn't know that was there.

     

    Thanks!

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    Posted · Variable layer height settings
    On 2/8/2018 at 4:15 PM, ctbeke said:

    The reason for that is that changing layer height affects flow rate, thus line width, extrusion speed/volume, and so on. To limit the amount of change from all the other parameters, we use the profile as the middle of the variation instead of one of the edges. This gives far better print results.

     

    Your statement makes the false assumption that the user is limited to a single extruder. Cura supports dual extruders, idex, etc. If you have two extruders or materials alternating layer by layer, especially an idex, having the ability to control the layer height dynamically is an invaluable tool.

     

    Though having options best suited for functionality your machines still lack may not be the best marketing.

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